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Windows Time Server

3.5 Synchronization Distance Procedure

The distance procedure calculates the synchronization distance from the peer variables for the peer.

begin distance(peer) procedure;
       DELTA <-- peer.rootdelay + |peer.delay|;
       EPSILON <-- peer.rootdispersion + peer.dispersion + phi (sys.clock - peer.update);
       LAMBDA <-- EPSILON + | DELTA | over 2 ;
end distance procedure;

Note that, while DELTA may be negative in some cases, both EPSILON and LAMBDA are always positive.